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TEA SHOP RATIONS.
PROHIBITION OF CAKES AND MUFFINS.
SUGAR AND FLOUR LIMITS.
The Cake and Pastry Order made by Lord Devonport under the Defence of the Realm Regulations and issued last night provides that, except under the Food Controller's authority, no person shall after April 21 make or attempt to make for sale, or after April 24 sell or offer to sell or have in his possession for sale:-
(a ) Any crumpet, muffin, tea cake, or fancy bread, or any light or fancy pastry, or any other like article.
(b ) Any cake, bun, scone, or biscuit which does not conform to the requirements of the two following provisions of this Order.
In the making of any cake, bun, scone, or biscuit no edible substance shall be added to the exterior of the cake mixture or dough after it has been mixed, or to the article during the process of or after baking.
CAKE. - No cake shall contain more than 15 percent. of sugar or more than 30 per cent. wheaten flour.
BUN. - No bun shall contain more than 10 percent. of sugar or more than 50 per cent. wheaten flour.
SCONE. - No Scone shall contain any sugar or more than 50 per cent. wheaten flour.
BISCUIT. - No cake shall contain more than 15 percent. of sugar.
The percentage shall be determined in every case by reference to the weight of the baked article taken at any time. The percentage of sugar shall be ascertained by analysis of a sample representing a fair average of the whole article, and all sugar in the baked article shall be taken into account in whatsoever form it may have been introduced.
The foregoing provisions of the Order do not apply to any cake or biscuit proved to have been made before April 23.
It is further provided that:-
The provisions of the sale of Food and Drugs Act relating to warranties and invoices shall apply to any proceedings under the foregoing provisions of this order in the same way as they apply to proceedings of those Acts.
Any person authorised by the Food Controller and any inspector of weights and measures may enter upon premises where he has reason to suspect an article is being made or sold or exposed for sale in contravention of this Order, and take samples thereof.
This order shall apply to articles made or supplied in clubs in the same way as it applies to articles made or supplied for sale.
RATIONING OF TEA SHOPS
The following provision is to apply to every public eating place as defined in the Public Meals Order, 1917, which is excepted from that Order under clause 7 (b ) thereof:- No individual customer shall be served at any meal whatsoever which begins between the hours of 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. with more than 2Oz. in the whole of bread, cake, bun, scone, and biscuit.
This clause does not apply to any public eating place where:-
(1) No customer is ever charged more than 6d in respect of a meal (including the charge for beverages) begun between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m., which does not include meat, fish, or eggs; and
(2) There is exhibited on every tariff card and also in a conspicuous position in in every room where meals are usually served a notice to the effect that no customer will so be charged.
This clause does not come into force until April 23.
For the purpose of this Order the expression "Wheaten Flour" shall mean any flour for the time being authorized to be used in the manufacture of wheaten bread, and the expression "sugar" shall include glucose.
Any contravention of the Order is summary offence against the Defence of the Realm Regulations.
…In Germany the rationing of bread began so long ago as January 1915, and to-day there is hardly an article of food which is not rationed. When the existing prohibitions, regulations, and appeals issued by Lord Devonport are summarized it will be realized to how limited extent they have disturbed the character or the quantity of the food which may be consumed without exceeding the directions of the Food Controller. The position may be stated under the following headings:-
FLOUR AND BREAD. - There is a compulsory standard for flour which requires an 81 per cent. extraction from the wheat , and the addition of a minimum of 10 per cent. of flour milled from other cereals.
Bread must not be sold until it is 12 hours old.
The manufacture and sale of light pastries muffins, crumpets, and teacakes is prohibited. Scones must contain no sugar.
The use of wheat, rice, and rye for other purposes than seed and flour for human consumption is prohibited.
PUBLIC MEALS ORDER. - The consumption of bread, flour, meat, and sugar in hotels, restaurants, and clubs is rationed on a basis which permits for a full day's meals 8oz. bread, 2oz. flour, 12oz. meat, and 1 1/2oz. of sugar.
One meatless day and five potatoless days must be observed on each week.
At any meal taken between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. the weight of bread, cake, or biscuits eaten must not exceed 2oz. for each person.
VOLUNTARY HOME RATIONING. - The Food Controller has asked that the weekly consumption of bread shall not exceed 4lb., of meat 2 1/2lb., and of sugar 1/2lb.
CHOCOLATES AND SWEETS.- Chocolates after the end of this month may not be sold at a price exceeding 4s. a pound, and other sweets at a price exceeding 2s. 6d. a lb. Confectioners are receiving only a limited quantity of sugar.
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