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Posted 28 January 2012 - 08:12 pm
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Posted 07 February 2012 - 10:36 am
The Scottish Rifles (Cameronians) was an 1881 amalgamation of the 26th (Cameronian) Regt of Foot and the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry. Both were Lowland regiments, the 26th having been raised by the Douglas family (Earl of Angus) in 1689 to fight for King William III against the Jacobites of the deposed James VII/II. The 90th Perthshire Light Infantry was raised in 1794 by Thomas Graham of Balgowan in the city of Perth (in the Lowland part of Perthshire) in response to his outrage at French revolutionaries who had vandalised his wife's body (who had died naturally on a trip to France and was being transported in a coffin back to the UK).
In 1881, in addition to its Cavalry regiment, a Guards regiment and a Fusilier regiment, Scotland was given a new Rifles regiment to complete the set by way of converting the new 26/90th amalgamation to Rifles. Ireland was also given a Rifles regiment at the same time.
The old 26th for many years had pipers and the regiment wore dicing on their undress Kilmarnock caps. Indeed in 1854, when the British authorities sanctioned a quota of official pipers for Highland regiments, the 26th (a Lowland regiment) was permitted pipers, whilst the 91st (Argyllshire) Regt of Foot, a de-kilted Highland regiment, were frustrated to be ordered to get rid of their pipers ! They ignored the order but regimental funds had to pay for the upkeep of the pipers.
The battalions of the Scottish Rifles from 1881 onwards, had a pipe band with a Drum-Major. The pipers initially wore trews of Government sett (Black Watch) but later adopted kilts of Douglas tartan. The pipers of the 2nd Batt wore the badge of the arms of the city of Perth on their cross-belts.
In the Victorian Forum you mention, there is a photo of the drum major of the Scottish Rifles with their corps of bugles, though I believe that rank was called Bugle Major in the Scotish Rifles. Some of the buglers doubled up as drummers for the pipe-band (a convention in Scottish regimental pipe bands), whilst others were in the regimental military band.
it's also interesting to remember that the pipe bands of the Ghurka Rifles regiments (past and present) have drum-majors (BM's).
BM of the Cameronians c 1960's.
Group of 1st Batt Cameronians c 1968, prior to disbandment.
Military Band of the 1st Batt Cameronians
Posted 07 February 2012 - 12:24 pm
Posted 07 February 2012 - 02:03 pm
I'm by no means an expert, Grumpy, just one of the local-authority bods that works at the museum and who doesn't really know what he's talking about. To the best of my limited knowledge, post 1881, both regular battalions of The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) had a Pipe Major, a Bugle Major, and a Band Master. I have seen no reference to, or images of, a Drum Major in the Regiment post 1881. If I come across anything to the contrary I shall let you know.
Posted 08 February 2012 - 03:47 am
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Posted 16 February 2012 - 09:06 am
It has certainly got me thinking! When time permits I would like to try and apply the SOs for the 1st and 2nd Battalions to photographs we have from those periods, to see what can be found from the uniform. I was looking at a 1st Bn photograph from 1903 of the Military Band. The CO and Adjutant and two others were wearing pill-box hats (forage cap?) while the rest of the men were wearing the glengarry with blackened badge. Of the two others in pill-box hats, one was clearly a Sergeant - perhaps the Band Sergeant spoke of in the SOs? The other showed no obvious rank insignia, wore a different tunic to the two officers, but was holding what looked very much like a baton - perhaps our Bandmaster?
There is a series of photographs taken of the 1st Bn at Maryhill Barracks around 1913/14, and in each of the various photographs the Pipe Major [4 chevrons and crown], Bugle Major [4 chevrons and bugle], and Bandmaster [with badge] can all be seen. I had thought that I had seen these ranks on show in earlier photographs, but after reading the above perhaps I was mistaken. I shall keep my eyes peeled and report back anything that confirms or refutes what's quoted above.
P.S. Regarding the amalgamation of 1881, perhaps it says something that the 1st Bn Standing Orders referred to above were titled 'Standing Orders: The Cameronians" while those of the 2nd Bn were titled "Standing Orders: 2nd Battalion The Scottish Rifles".