bob lembke, on 31 March 2012 - 02:35 PM, said:
Broadway was originally an Indian trail running from the tip of Manhattan up to Albany, about 150 miles to the north. It was kept in use and eventually paved over. So it runs in some direct fashion diagonally across the regular grid pattern of streets eventually imposed on Manhattan.
Those Stan Murches amongst you* who are interested in routes throgh New Yok might like to see something "wot I wrote earlier" about the parade.
At this time the United States had a small, relatively under equipped, army. Huge new camps were filling up with inexperienced and untrained new soldiers and American industry was desperately tooling up whilst Britain and France were providing artillery, mortars and machine guns, to some extent at the expense of their own armies' needs, but soldiers take time to train and factories do not come into being overnight. As a result at this stage there was not that much military muscle available to be displayed in the parade. Some of the deficit was to be made up by the New York National Guard who fielded three large armoured cars. These represented a very significant proportion of America's total armoured might. The cars (each built on truck chassis) were open topped and mounted two machine guns each; by European standards they were obsolete. A grenade lobbed into them would knock out the crew and the German armour piercing K rounds would easily punch through their boiler plate sides. Nevertheless they had seen active service against the Mexicans as part of General Pershing's punitive expedition and their sheer size made them look impressive.
As the cars entered Madison Square to pass the parade reviewing stand a British heavy tank which had been waiting there having driven up from one of the piers swung into position ahead of them. It was a 30 ton Mark IV Female armed with five machine guns, the same model being currently in service with the British Tank Corps in France and it dwarfed the armoured cars. . The Stars and Stripes and the 'Union Jack' flew from staffs at the front of the tank; this was the first time that the British Army had flown the Union Flag in the United States since the end of the War of 1812 (and the first time in New York since the end of the War of Independence). A placard on top of the tank proclaimed “British Tank Britannia” whilst a banner exhorted the public to buy bonds. The tank's commander a Captain Richard Haigh MC rode on its roof. Amid clouds of white exhaust smoke and much cheering Britannia continued with the parade along 5th Avenue, following sailors from the Brooklyn Navy Yard and leading the armoured cars to the procession's conclusion in Sheep Meadow, Central Park where the captured German U Boat UC5 had been installed. This site was to be Britannia's base for the next few days. Thousands of New Yorkers flocked to Sheep Meadow to view the U boat and the tank and a great many liberty bonds were sold.
* Those who read Donald Westlake's Dortmunder novels will understand.