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Posted 12 July 2012 - 02:48 PM
APPEAL FOR HOME-MADE APPLIANCES
The War Office issues the following communication:-
As a protection against the asphyxiating gases being used as a weapon of warfare by the Germans supplies of one or both of the following types of respirator are required by the troops at the front.
Either can be made easily in any household:-
First: A face piece (to cover mouth and nostrils), formed of an oblong pad of bleached absorbent cotton-wool about 5¼in x 3in x ¾in covered with three layers of bleached cotton gauze and fitted with a band, to fit around the head and keep the pad in position consisting of a piece of 1/2in cotton elastic 16" long, attached to the narrow end of the face pad so as to form a loop with the pad.
Second: A piece of double stockinette 9½in long, 3½in wide in the centre gradually diminishing in width to 2½ in at each end with a thick piece of thick plaited worsted about 5in long attached at the end so as to form a loop to pass over the ear.
These respirators should be sent in packages of not less than 100 to Chief Ordnance Officer, Royal Army Clothing Department, Pimlico.
…Many inquiries have been made as to the best respirator. To this question there is no really satisfactory answer, as until the specific poison used is known an antidote cannot be indicated. There are many forms of respirator on the market for which special advantages are claimed, but the Commissioner is advised by competent experts that in all probability a pad of cotton-waste contained in gauze to tie round the head and saturated with a strong solution of washing powder would be effective as a filtering medium for noxious gases, and could be improvised at home at trifling cost. It should be damped when required for use and must be large enough to protect the nose as well as the mouth, the gauze being so adjusted as to protect the eyes…
...consists of black cotton net, which is tied around the man’s head. It is folded to form a pocket, which being filled with medicated cotton waste, fit’s over the man’s mouth and nose protecting him from fumes To make the respirator you take a yard of net of net (small medium mesh). Let it be half a yard wide. You fold over a strip of the width 4½in. wide, to form the pocket, fold it over again the same width to strengthen it, and the sew up the sides of the pocket, the length of which must be 9in and the width 4½in . This leaves a length of net on either side of the pocket 13in long. The remaining strip above the pocket is used to protect the eyes.
The pocket is filled with cotton waste, but as this has to be chemically treated at the office of the Belgian Soldiers’ Fund before being sent to the front , we shall be most grateful to any of your readers who, instead of buying the cotton waste for themselves, will send a subscription for it and for the chemical solution with which it is to be treated.
The respirator must, of course, have an outer case or envelope in which it can be carried about. This case is made of waterproof jackinet, American cloth, oil silk, or any other light waterproof material. If of American cloth, the brown side must be within, and it must be sewed with oiled needles to prevent rotting. The case must be 8in long by 5in wide and the upper flap which fastens down over it like an envelope is 4in wide.
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