QUOTE (Landsturm @ Apr 15 2005, 01:52 AM)
What régiment mixte Zouaves et Tiralleurs
contains, besides zouaves? Tirailleurs Algèriens
? Tirailleurs Sénégalais
? Tirailleurs Marocains
So, how does Régiment
as they operated) de Tirailleurs
differ from the others? And what nationalities it contains? I`m really confused
Zouaves were in their origins troops recruited from North Africa, though I believe many native Frenchmen eventually joined the units-- They were distinguished mostly by their flashy North African-like Uniforms. In the French pre-war active Army there were 4 Zouave regiments, each with a varying number of 4-company battalions. These were recruited in France, interestingly. There were also 9 native Tirailleur regiments, with a varying number of battalions. Tirailleur is simply an Algerian term of "sharpshooter" or "skirmisher", but these units, other than their origin in north Africa were simply normal infantry units. The territorial infantry pre-war seems to have had about 12 Zouave Battalions.
The mobilised Zouave Regiments (1,2,3) had 6 battalions, and the 4th had 7. On full mobilisation, these were supplemented by other reserve battalions (not all of them Zouaves), and then formed Regiments de Marche (Provisional Regiments). These were incorporated into the 37th, 38th, and 45th Divisions. There was also a Division de Marche (provisional Division) in North Africa, staffed by Morroccans.
The Tirailleur regiments were all actually soldiers from the North African colonies, Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco. Most of the Tirailleur regiments were Algerian, thought the 4th and 8th were from Tunisia. These regiments had varying numbers of battalions, ranging from 3-6. During the war, through many reorganisations, these Regiments were grouped into Regiments de Marche, Regiments de Marche (Tirailleurs), or Regiments de Marche de Zouaves.
By the end of the war, there were 17 Zouave/Tirailleur regiments, of varying composition.
I hope that helps. Doc2